Multi-component fertilizer & planted nitrogenous growth accelerator for shrimp & freshwater fish aquaria
- Copper free and shrimp safe.
- Concentrated source of nitrogen, one of the most important plant
nutrients, required for growth and long-term health, and utilized
primarily in the production of nucleic acids and proteins, accounting
for up to 2% of plant tissue dry weight.
- Nitrogen is present as nitrate, a form appropriate for use in
aquaria (we do not use ammonium which can revert to toxic ammonia in
aquaria with pH over 7.0; nor urea which is a source of ammonia).
- Contains Kelp extract, which provides natural phytohormones found to encourage growth and flowering.
- Formulated utilizing extensive research on aquatic plant nutrient requirements.
125ml | 250ml | 500ml | 2L
Nitrogen is required by plants in the largest amounts of the three
major nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Nitrogen is a part
of all living cells and is a requisite of the metabolic processes in
which proteins, amino acids, coenzymes, and nucleic acids are created.
It is an integral part of chlorophyll manufacture through
photosynthesis, the process in which light energy is utilized to convert
carbon dioxide into carbohydrates, which is in turn used to provide the
energy for growth and development. A percentage of the nitrogen in
aquaria is contributed as ammonia and ammonium, components of fish waste
and the decomposition of nitrogen-bearing molecules, such as latent
dissolved and particulate organic material, however this is not always
sufficient to meet the nitrogen requirements posed by plants.
Particularly in heavily-planted aquaria with intense lighting, CO2
supplementation, and/or a minimal stocking of fish, nitrogen can become a
limiting nutrient in plant growth; in extreme cases, it can lead to
chlorosis, in which the leaves become pale (particularly on older
foliage, which tend to be on the periphery). Nitrogen deficiency tends
to cause new leaves to be smaller and paler than normal, and overall
plant growth to be stunted.
The source of nitrogen utilized in Shrimp FlorinGrō+ is derived from
nitrate compounds. While plants unquestionably make use of ammonium and
the constituents of urea very effectively, our experience and extensive
research dictate that these compounds be excluded from Shrimp
FlorinGrō+ as a result of the clear danger they pose to fishes and other
non-plant aquarium inhabitants when aquarium pH is greater than 7.0; we
feel that these nitrogen sources are useful to aquatic botanists and
horticulturists, but that they are not suited to use in an aquarium.
Nitrogen should primarily be present as nitrate and maintained at a
concentration of less than 20 ppm. In addition to nitrogen, magnesium,
iron, and potassium are important to chlorophyll production. Maintaining
a total iron concentration of 0.05 - 0.10 ppm, magnesium concentration
of ~5 ppm, and potassium concentration of 15 - 30 ppm, is recommended.
Instructions & Guidelines
For accelerated plant growth: Shake product well
before using. The most effective method of using any ion-specific
supplement is to determine the ionic concentration in the aquarium prior
to supplementing. Maintain the nitrate concentration within a range of
10 - 20 ppm; it is not recommended to exceed 25 ppm nitrate in planted
aquaria housing fishes, shrimp or other invertebrates.
Basic: First use Shrimp FlorinMulti. Then, for
increase plant growth rate, add 4 ml (2 pumps if equipped with pump) of
this product per 8 US-gallons (30 L) of aquarium water every other day
or as required; this corresponds to 5 ml or 1 capful if not using pump
(or ~35 drops) per 10 US-gallons (38 L). When used in this fashion, 500
ml treats up to 1,000 US-gallons (3,800 L).
Advanced: Determine the nitrate concentration
(�[NO3-]�) in the aquarium using an accurate test kit before
supplementing. Each ml of Shrimp FlorinGrō+ will increase the [NO3-] in 1
US-gallon (3.785 L) of water by 3.5 ppm. Each pump is 2 ml and will
raise the concentration by 7 ppm. If the initial [NO3-] in the aquarium
is below 20 ppm, add this product at the maximum rate of 2 ml (2 pumps)
per 10 US-gallons daily until the desired concentration is attained,
then dose daily or weekly as needed (see below). Always attempt to
maintain the [NO3-] within a range of +/-2 ppm. To determine the dosing
rate of this product once the desired [NO3-] has been acquired, measure
the daily rate of nitrate uptake (i.e. the decrease in nitrate) in your
aquarium by measuring the aquarium's [NO3-] at the same time each day
over a one- to two-week period. To determine the daily dosing rate
(preferable to weekly dosing) for nitrate maintenance: estimate the
volume of water in the entire aquarium system; divide the daily decrease
in [NO3-] by 17.5; multiply this number by the volume of water in the
system to get the daily dosage required (ml) to maintain a stable
[NO3-]. Heavily-planted aquaria with intense lighting, CO2
supplementation, and low- to moderate-stocking density of fishes are
likely to see the most dramatic results from nitrogen supplementation.
Start at a low dosage and increase it as required, but do not overdose
regardless of the temptation to do so.
Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.